The panel discusses the implications and limitations of the Planetary-pressures Adjusted Human Development Index introduced in UNDP’s 2020 Human Development Report. In doing so it examines the importance of climate change for how we think of and measure human development. It uses these new findings to discuss policy measures, state commitments and societal actions that are needed mitigate the human devastation of the planet. Ajay Chhibber is a Visiting Scholar at the Institute for International Economic Policy at the George Washington University. Adil Najam is Professor of International Relations and Earth and Environment and the inaugural Dean, Fredrick S. Pardee School of Global Studies. Frances Stewart is Professor Emeritus of Development Economics and Director of the centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE), University of Oxford. Hadia Majid is an Assistant Professor of Economics at LUMS, a fellow of MHRC and the Director of the Saeeda Waheed Gender Initiative at LUMS.