Technical Change, Inequality and Capitalist Development
Speaker: Daron Acemoglu (MIT)
Moderators: Shandana Khan Mohmand (IDS and MHRC) and Ali Cheema (LUMS, MHRC and IDEAS)
24th February 2021
Professor Daron Acemoglu (MIT) discusses the evolution of technical change in capitalist economies and its implications for the 21st century challenges of rising wage inequality and political polarization. He examines the role of policies in influencing the direction of labour-saving technical change. Daron Acemoglu is the Charles P. Kindleberger Professor of Applied Economics at MIT. His research interests include political economy, development economics, economic growth, income and wage inequality and labour economics. He is the author of the highly-acclaimed books, The Narrow Corridor: State, Societies and The Fate of Liberty and Why Nations Fail: Origins of Power, Poverty and Prosperity.
Panelists: Mariam Mufti (Waterloo), Sarah Khan (Yale), and Asad Liaqat (Facebook)
Moderator: Umair Javed (LUMS and MHRC)
4th March 2021
Sarah Khan is an Assistant Professor at Yale and she researches gender and comparative politics, with a regional specialization in South Asia while Asad Liaqat is a Research Scientist in the Novi Economics team at Facebook and studies how economically consequential political behavior is shaped by the informational and social environment. Umair Javed is an Assistant Professor of Political Sociology at LUMS and a fellow of MHRC.
Three Faces of Agency in Feminist Economics: Capabilities, Empowerment and Citizenship
Speakers: Naila Kabeer (LSE)
Moderators: Sohela Nazneen (IDS) and Nida Kirmani (LUMS and MHRC)
11th March 2021
Professor Naila Kabeer discusses the three faces of agency in feminist economics and their implications for gender equality in the 21st century. Naila Kabeer is the Professor of Gender and Development at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her research interests include gender, poverty, social exclusion, labour markets and livelihoods, social protection and citizenship and much of her research is focused on South and South East Asia. She is a leading feminist economist who has had a major impact on global thinking on gender, empowerment and citizenship.
Human Development, Climate Change and the Anthropocene
Panelists: Ajay Chhibber (IIEP, George Washington), Adil Najam (Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University), and Frances Stewart (Oxford)
Moderator: Hadia Majid (LUMS and MHRC)
6 PM - 8 PM
15th March 2021
The panel discusses the implications and limitations of the Planetary-pressures Adjusted Human Development Index introduced in UNDP’s 2020 Human Development Report. In doing so it examines the importance of climate change for how we think of and measure human development. It uses these new findings to discuss policy measures, state commitments and societal actions that are needed mitigate the human devastation of the planet. Ajay Chhibber is a Visiting Scholar at the Institute for International Economic Policy at the George Washington University. Adil Najam is Professor of International Relations and Earth and Environment and the inaugural Dean, Fredrick S. Pardee School of Global Studies. Frances Stewart is Professor Emeritus of Development Economics and Director of the centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE), University of Oxford. Hadia Majid is an Assistant Professor of Economics at LUMS, a fellow of MHRC and the Director of the Saeeda Waheed Gender Initiative at LUMS.
Moderators: Shandana Khan Mohmand (IDS and MHRC) and Umair Javed (LUMS and MHRC)
8th April 2021
Professor Robinson discusses the social and economic changes that have caused polarization to increase in democratic politics in the 21st century. He examines the strain this is placing on democratic institutions and what implications these changes have for our understanding of democracy as a political system. James Robinson is the Reverend Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies at the University of Chicago’s Harris School of Public Policy and the Director of the Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts. His research interests include political economy, comparative economic development and economic history. He is the author of the highly-acclaimed books, The Narrow Corridor: State, Societies and The Fate of Liberty and Why Nations Fail: Origins of Power, Poverty and Prosperity.
Rethinking the Role of the State: From Public Goods to Public Value
Speaker: Mariana Mazzucato (UCL)
Moderators: Melissa Leach (IDS) and Ali Cheema (LUMS, MHRC, IDEAS)
28 April 2021
Professor Mazzucato discusses the role of the state in a post-COVID world and examines the state capabilities needed to build a better future that is innovation-led, inclusive and sustainable. Mariana Mazzucato is Professor in the Economics of Innovation and Public Value at University College London. She is also the founding director of the UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose. She is winner of international prizes including the 2020 John Von Neumann Award, the 2019 All European Academies Madame de Staël Prize for Cultural Values, and 2018 Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought. She was named as one of the '3 most important thinkers about innovation' by the New Republic. She is the author of the highly-acclaimed books, The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths and The Value of Everything: Making and Taking in the Global Economy.
The Impact of Natural Disasters on Student Learning in Pakistan
Speaker: Tahir Andrabi (Pomona College)
Moderators: Rabea Malik (IDEAS and MHRC) and Miguel Loureiro (IDS)
20th May 2021
Professor Andrabi analyzes the impact of the 2005 Earthquake in Pakistan on the recovery of student learning outcomes. He examines the implications these findings for the risks posed by the COVID-19 pandemic to student learning outcomes. Tahir Andrabi is Stedman-Sumner Professor of Economics at Pomona College. He is a founding Director of the centre for Economic Research, Pakistan and the inaugural Dean of the LUMS School of Education His research interests include the economics of education and development economics. He has published extensively in major economics and education journals including the American Economic Review and Review of Economics and Statistics. In 2007, his work on religious education in Pakistan received the George Bereday Award for the best paper published in Comparative Education Review in 2006 from the Comparative and International Education Society.
Deepening Democracy: The Role of Associational Politics
Panelists: Gabrielle Kruks-Wisner (Virginia), Patrick Heller (Brown), and Umair Javed (LUMS and MHRC)
Moderators: Shandana Khan Mohmand (IDS and MHRC)
27th May 2021
The panel discusses the importance of associational capabilities and civic action in building citizen trust in democratic institutions. It examines the impact of differences in associational capabilities across regions in India and Pakistan and its impact on trust in democracy. It also discusses the types of institutions that are needed in democratic polities to strengthen associational capabilities and build trust in the political system. Gabrielle Kruks-Wisner is an Assistant Professor of Politics & Global Studies at the University of Virginia. Patrick Heller is the Lyn Crost Professor of Social Sciences and professor of Sociology and International Studies at Brown University. Shandana Khan Mohmand is a Research Fellow at IDS Sussex. Umair Javed is an Assistant Professor of Political Sociology at LUMS and a Fellow of MHRC.
Moderators: Hadia Majid (LUMS and MHRC) and Maha Rehman (LUMS and MHRC)
10th June 2021
Sathar examines the divergence in Pakistan’s fertility transition from other countries in South Asia. She examines the causes that explain this divergence and its implications for citizen welfare. Zeba Sathar is the Director of Population Council, Pakistan and is a leading demographer working on South Asia. Her research interests include demographics, gender, population planning and child and maternal health. She is the author of the publication 'Capturing the Demographic Dividend in Pakistan'.
State Capture and the Breakdown of Democratic Institutions
Speaker: Leonard Wantchekon (Princeton)
Moderators: Shandana Khan Mohmand (IDS and MHRC) and Ali Cheema (LUMS, MHRC and IDEAS)
6:30 PM - 7:45 PM
17th June 2021
Professor Wantchekon examines the mechanisms of state capture in low income countries and discusses how these mechanisms contribute to the breakdown of democratic institutions. Leonard Wantchekon is a Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and the President and Founder of the African School of Economics. His research interests include political economy, economic history and development economics. A scholar with diverse interests, he has made substantive and methodological contributions to the literatures on clientelism and state capture, resource curse and democratization.
Enforcement for Sale? Irrigation Reform and Lobbying for Water in Pakistan’s Indus Basin
Speaker: Ghazala Mansuri (World Bank)
28 February 2020
A lecture by Ghazala Mansuri, Lead Economist in the Poverty Reduction & Equity Global Practice, World Bank on ‘Enforcement for Sale? Irrigation Reform and Lobbying for Water in Pakistan’s Indus Basin. Dr. Mansuri’s lecture focused on governance reforms in the Indus Basin irrigation system, and explored the ways in which the distribution of political power along a channel has impacts on the distribution of wealth.
Financing Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Pakistani Cities
Speaker: Ehtisham Ahmad (IGC)
31st January 2020
The Mahbub ul Haq Research Centre hosted a talk, ‘Financing Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Pakistani Cities' by Professor Ehtisham Ahmad. Dr. Ahmad explored ‘beneficial property tax’ as a reform and drew comparisons from his research work in China to elaborate on reform options which could be relevant in Pakistan.
The New Pakistani Middle Class and Crafty Oligarchs, Savvy Voters
Speakers: Ammara Maqsood (UCL), 'The New Pakistani Middle Class'
Shandana Khan Mohmand (IDS and MHRC), 'Crafty Oligarchs, Savvy Voters'
16th January 2020
The book colloquium featured Dr. Mohmand’s book ‘Crafty Oligarchs, Savvy Voters': >- Democracy under Inequality in Rural Pakistan’ and Dr. Maqsood’s book ‘The New Pakistani Middle Class’ for a unique discussion on the state of inequality in Pakistan.
Children’s Health, Well-Being, and Human Capital Formation in the Context of Extreme Poverty
Speaker: Imran Rasul (UCL)
1 November 2019
The Mahbub Ul Haq Research Centre's inaugural lecture featured University College London’s Award-Winning Professor, Dr. Imran Rasul, in collaboration with the Suleman Dawood School of Business. Dr. Rasul discussed children’s health, well-being and human capital formation in the context of extreme poverty.
This webinar bought together senior policy makers,academics and practitioners to discuss property tax and its role in influencing urban policy. Panelists discussed international best practices and domestic experiences in Pakistan’s Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Designing Safety Nets in the Context of an Outbreak
Panelists: Hadia Majid (LUMS and MHRC), Haris Gazdar (IDEAS), Rehan Jamil (Brown), Rashid Memon (LUMS and MHRC).
Safety nets are critical for improving the lives of vulnerable groups and lifting them out of poverty. This session focuses on questions of state responsibility, social protection, politics, and responses after the onset of COVID-19. The discussion also delves into the history of social protection in Pakistan, and its links with the government’s response.
Panelists: Aasim Sajjad (AWP), Shandana Khan Mohmand (IDS and MHRC), Sameen Mohsin (LUMS and MHRC), Ammar Rashid (AWP), Umair Javed (LUMS and MHRC).
There is significant variation in public health interventions carried out by states across the world, and varying success rates in terms of managing public health and socio-economic consequences of the pandemic. This webinar highlights how each state's response to COVID-19 is linked to its political and institutional nature, and to the demands citizens make of it. Panelists analyse the long term political economy impacts of the pandemic and trace these to deeply embedded historical social and political inequalities.
Panelists: Ali Usman Qasmi (LUMS and MHRC), Kasim Tirmizey (Concordia), Amna Khalid (LUMS) and Ali Raza (LUMS and MHRC)
This session asks what we can learn from the history of pandemics to understand and respond to the current COVID-19 crisis. Panelists discuss how responses to disease and epidemics in the modern period have shaped the way that pandemics have wrecked devastation and have been controlled. They draw attention to global interdependencies, conspiracy theories, parallels with the past, and stress on the important role of historical and social inquiry in understanding the present moment.
Panelists: Sameen Mohsin (LUMS and MHRC), Shaper Mirza (LUMS and MHRC), Samia Altaf (FFFP and LUMS), Mosharraf Zaidi (The News) and Ali Cheema (LUMS and MHRC)
This session focuses on the health risks of removing the lock-down in Pakistan, and whether there is a need to balance health risks against economic costs faced by individuals. Panelists address the following questions: what types of social distancing measures are feasible in a context like Pakistan? What constraints does state capacity impose on an effective response? How can public trust be built to fight the outbreak?
Panelists: Nida Kirmani (LUMS and MHRC), Rabia Malik (Essex and MHRC), Hadia Majid (LUMS and MHRC), and Angbeen Mirza (LUMS)
COVID-19 has impacted gender relations within and outside the household in various ways. This session focuses on how the dynamics of care work, household management, labour force participation, and productivity have been affected by the pandemic. Panelists discuss how men and women have been impacted differently, and the types of policy responses required to address these differences.
Pakistan’s Economic Fallout: Where Do We Go From Here
Panelists: Faisal Bari (LUMS and MHRC), Ali Cheema (LUMS, MHRC and IDEAS), Tahir Andrabi (Pomona College) and Hadia Majid (LUMS and MHRC)
The economic consequences of COVID-19 on growth, incomes and jobs are severe and long-lasting. In this webinar, a panel of experts discuss coordinated steps that can be taken in order to mitigate the economic fallout in Pakistan, as the country tries to recover from the current crisis.