22 November 2021

Karachi Floods.

Arif Hasan

Karachi floods at the slightest of rains. Karachiites have historically tolerated this because flooding usually lasts for a few days with bearable aftereffects. However, in 2020, the rains were exceptionally heavy...

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22 November 2021

The Knot of Ecological Time: An Outlet, an Election, and an Irrigation Office

Maira Hayat

In 2015, local elections were held in Pakistan, ten years after the previous ones in 2005 during General Pervez Musharraf’s military rule. Local government elections...

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3 November 2021

Can Cash Transfers Increase Women’s Grassroots Political Participation? Survey Evidence From Pakistan

Rehan R Jamil, Matteo Iudice

Over the past two decades, Pakistan has experienced a ‘paradigm’ shift in its approach to social protection ( Gazdar, 2011 ). Prior to the creation of the Benazir Income Support...

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3 November 2021

Demanding Power in Pakistan

Amina Omer, Umair Javed

What does the politics of energy tell us about the relationship of the Pakistani state with its citizens? With loadshedding in the news again, it is worth looking at the preceding two decades to assess whether any substantive change in this relationship has taken place...

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15 October 2021

Mapping Urban Living Standards in Developing Countries with Energy Consumption Data

Felix Agyemang, Sean Fox, Rashid Memon

Rapid urbanization in low and middle-income countries is contributing to the ‘urbanization of poverty’. Yet the true scale and nature of this challenge are unknown. Census data are infrequent and household surveys...

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15 October 2021

The Road to ‘Good’ Teaching in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Public Schools

Soufia A Siddiqi

Between 2010 and 2018, there appeared to be some very exciting and frenetic reform efforts unfolding across the school education sector in the Punjab. Moving the needle on school access and learning outcomes, it seemed, was as aspiration closest to the hearts...

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1 October 2021

Delayed enrollment and out-of-school adolescents – the missing link

Huma Zia Faran

In Pakistan, 26% of children in the 5-16 age cohort have never been to a school. This translates into 16 million children (out of a total of 20 million children who are out of school) as reported in The Missing Third...

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1 October 2021

From Ivory Towers To Building Blocks

Shad Moarif

Today, we see bright, knowledgeable folks of all ages, male and female, who know and understand education far better than those with decision-making powers. Almost all come from a segment of society that has benefitted from...

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17 September 2021

Using Cash Transfer Programs to Get Children Back to School from Work

Nasir Iqbal

The prevalence of child labour in Pakistan is very high: up to 22% of children between the ages of 5 and 14 years are engaged in the worst form of child labour, including bonded labour in agriculture and brick kilns...

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17 September 2021

Why did Covid-19 increase women’s care and housework in Pakistan?

Ali Cheema, Sarah Khan, Shandana Khan Mohmand

Covid-19 lockdown measures resulted in an increase in care and housework in homes around the world. But with the greater presence of men at home as a result of lockdown and job losses, why are women...

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3 September 2021

How did Covid-19 affect women’s autonomy and access to healthcare in Pakistan?

Ali Cheema, Sarah Khan, Shandana Khan Mohmand

With Pakistan facing a fourth wave of the Covid-19 pandemic and new restrictions being imposed in major cities, research from the IDS-led Action for Empowerment and Accountability programme sheds new light on the gendered impacts and experiences of the pandemic in urban Pakistan...

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3 September 2021

What about these Covid-19 learning losses? Lessons from the 2005 Pakistan Earthquake

Soufia A. Siddiqi, Momina Idrees, Musharfa Shah

As educational institutions across Pakistan slowly reopen for a new academic year, an underlying anxiety is taking root: by how much has the learning of Pakistani students been set back? If lessons from recent scholarship are anything to go by, our youngest children...

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11 August 2021

Education and Women’s Labor Force Participation

Dr. Hadia Majid, Syeda Warda Riaz

There remains an overwhelming need to reduce the gender gap in labor force participation rates in Pakistan. As of 2021, women’s participation rates remain at around 22 pc with the country recording the slowest progress in closing the gender gap in the Economic Participation...

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11 August 2021

Are the walls of civic spaces closing in on women in Pakistan?

Ayesha Khan

In a study conducted as part of the Action for Empowerment and Accountability multi-country research programme, we found that Covid-19 has accelerated the shrinking of civic space in Pakistan. A narrowing civic space...

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23 July 2021

Learning to Labour: samples of life in Pakistan under Covid-19

Zahra Mughis, Syed M. Hasan

Policy decisions are expected to be made after a rigorous cost benefit analysis. All trade-offs are carefully weighed. Prior experience and empirical evidence are also factored in. However, for some decisions, costs and benefits hardly break even. Enforcing country-wide lockdowns to contain Covid-19 spread...

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23 July 2021

Exploring ‘Spaces’ of Learning: Girls’ Education during COVID in Pakistan

Aliya Khalid, Musharfa Shah

Any continuous area or expanse which is available for consumption is typically referred to as ‘space’. In the Urdu language, this can translate to ‘khalaa’ understood as the ‘absence’ of forms, but at the same time generative of other or newer forms, much like silence in a musical composition...

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9 July 2021

Where does Pakistan’s electricity go?

Ayesha Ali, Javed Younas

Electricity is the wheel that drives all facets of our daily lives such as production, consumption, communication, transportation and routine financial transactions. Despite its key role in powering the national economy, Pakistan’s electricity sector continues its struggle with significant challenges. Whether these manifest as costly...

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9 July 2021

Why Do Income and Wealth Inequalities Matter for Pakistan?

Abid A. Burki, Arsalan Hussain, Kinza Emad Khan

Inequality has emerged as a major global challenge around the world, and reducing inequalities within and amongst countries has been recognized as a UN SDG goal (no. 10). Growing levels of inequality tend to create poverty because money continues to move from those who must spend...

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29 June 2021

Determinants of Working Preferences Amongst Pakistani Women: Insights from Covid-19 Lockdowns

Areeba Suhail, Leena Salman

In April 2020, following a national lockdown due to Covid-19, numerous jobs across Pakistan became home-based. Although this represented a significant disruption to all sectors and genders, women seemed to become especially ...

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29 June 2021

Double Burdens and Dual Identities: Pakistani Working Women and the COVID-19 Pandemic

Eraj Tufail Arbab

Past crises in Pakistan have never been gender-neutral and women have suffered disproportionately for a long time (Tariq and Bibler, 2020). Indeed, evidence from previous disasters and pandemics suggests that women are more vulnerable...

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9 June 2021

Education or Employment – which is more critical for the empowerment of Pakistani women?

Zeba Sathar

In 1992, Larry Summers in his lecture at the Annual Pakistan Society of Development Economics titled, “Investing in all the people”, presented a compelling argument in favor of girls’ education for development. The main academic debates...

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9 June 2021

Trust, State Capacity, and Administrative Burden in Pakistan’s Immunization Program

Sameen A. Mohsin Ali and Samia W. Altaf

Vaccine hesitancy is a global phenomenon and one of particular concern at the present moment with the deployment of COVID-19 vaccines and their reception around the world. An extensive literature studies...

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26 May 2021

COVID in Pakistan: Stemming the Third Wave

Maha Rehman

More than a year into the pandemic, Pakistan is fighting the third ave that is sweeping across its main urban centres. The hospitalization statistics increased manifold compared to the first and the second wave. However, after a relentless increase, the statistics are now...

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26 May 2021

Covid-19 Gendered Exposure and Perceptions in Pakistan

Ali Cheema, Sarah Khan, Shandana Khan Mohmand

The lived experiences of the Covid-19 pandemic are starkly divided along gender lines, and the pandemic has already exacerbated gender inequalities within the home and in the labour market across countries...

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12 May 2021

Lessons for Conducting Phone-based Surveys During Covid-19 and Beyond

Ali Cheema, Sarah Khan, Shandana Khan Mohmand

To understand the gendered impacts and experiences of the pandemic in urban Pakistan and inform gender-sensitive policy responses, researchers from the Institute of Development Studies and IDEAS (working under the auspices of the Action for Empowerment...

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12 May 2021

Understanding Gendered Experiences and Impacts of Covid-19 in Pakistan

Ali Cheema, Sarah Khan, Shandana Khan Mohmand

The lived experiences of the Covid-19 pandemic are starkly divided along gender lines, and the pandemic has already exacerbated gender inequalities within the home and in the labour market across countries...

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25 April 2021

COVID–19 & its Impact: Moving Beyond Standard Surveys

Hadia Majid

The COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented in several aspects. Even aside from its significant health impact, with 2.2 million deaths so far, the economic fallout has created the worst recession since the great depression...

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25 April 2021

Informality and Covid-19 in Pakistan

Umair Javed

About 60 percent of the world’s labour force works in the informal sector, typically outside the net of formal institutionalised relationships between workers, states and companies. This means that informal workers are often excluded from state-led social protection programmes and the various formal...

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2 April 2021

COVID-19 Pandemic's Economic Burden in Pakistan

Ali Cheema, Maha Rehman

COVID-19 is a health pandemic with economic consequences whose severity cannot be underestimated. Yet there is limited understanding of the pandemic’s effects on the economic lives of citizens. We address this gap using the Pakistan...

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2 April 2021

COVID-19 and the Future of Microfinance: Evidence and Insights from Pakistan

Kashif Z Malik, Farah Said

COVID-19 is a health pandemic with economic consequences whose severity cannot be underestimated. Yet there is limited understanding of the pandemic’s effects on the economic lives of citizens. In Pakistan, we are able to address this ...

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11 March 2021

Punjab’s Pollution Crisis: Information, Research and Policy Gaps

Sanval Nasim, Mahnoor Kashif

The authority to regulate pollution in Punjab rests with the provincial Environmental Protection Department (EPD). The EPD has a broad mandate to protect the environment, which includes informing the public on environmental issues and enforcing the Punjab Environmental Quality Standards (PEQS).

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15 March 2021

COVID-19 and Uneven Patterns of Economic Recovery

Saher Asad, Javaeria Qureshi, Taimur Shah, and Basit Zafar

While the average people walking the streets of Pakistan may have taken off their mask and the news media may have moved on from discussing the economic impacts of COVID-19, data shows that the economic distress caused by the pandemic is far from over.

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